Mezzanine (it. mezzanino – house)
The upper or superstructure over the Central part of a house. Often has a balcony. In the XIX century, became widespread in low-rise construction in Russia.
Megalithic constructions, megaliths (gr. megas – great, lithos – stone)
Archaeological monuments, built of blocks of wild or grubovato stone. Megaliths belong to the menhirs – the vertically dug stone pillars; CROMLECHS – stone alleys; DOLMENS – tombs, stone boxes, covered galleries. Megalithic constructions are widely spread in different countries of the world, in particular, in Siberia, in the Ukraine, in Crimea, in particular in the Caucasus, where there are all kinds of megalithic structures. Continue reading
What is sewage? If we consider specifically, this underground channels, collected in the system, which are collected from the streets of rainwater and waste water of houses. Seems very simple, somewhat poetic and not at all interesting. However, the sewer system has a history.
The science of archeology helps us to learn how our ancestors lived than interested in how it worked, and, of course, how to get rid of waste. For example, during the excavations of the Greek city of Ephesus (present-day Turkey), near the Emperor’s Palace, shrines, temples, wealthy homes of the priests was found a public toilet! Its decoration was surprised by its richness and convenience. It was a high wall, behind which you can hide from prying eyes of passers-by. Here there was a urinal made of marble, and behind them was the groove-draining, lockable visor. It led to an underground reservoir, which, as you might guess, cleaned as necessary. Continue reading
The social structure of the societies of the Ancient world. – History section, the history of the Social Structure of the Ancient East. Eastern Society Was Strictly.
The social structure of the Ancient East. Eastern society was strictly hierarchical, and organized according to the type of the pyramid. The top of the pyramid was occupied by the ruler, sanctified by the gods with power. It was located below know, priests, high officials. Numerous government officials monitored the management and functioning of the state. The soldiers, members of the standing army, provided in-tuculescu and its protection against external enemies.
The bulk of the society were peasants-congregation. The rural community was the basic production unit of society and the basic unit of community was a big Patriarchal family. During the process of privatization appears wealth inequality and, consequently, dependent categories of the population. Dependence could be in the form of debt bondage or rent relations on the ground. Continue reading