The silver capital of the Czech Kingdom
From Prague we went to Karlovy vary (120 km), Dresden (145 km) and in Kutna Hora ( 60 km)
Well, Karlovy vary and Dresden is widely known in the city and talk about them makes no sense, many have been there.
But Kutna Hora is not a buzz word and it seems to me should tell you a bit about this place.
In 13-16th centuries kutná Hora was the second most important town of the Bohemian Kingdom after Prague and one of the most prosperous cities in Central Europe. And all because in this area in 1142 was revealed the richest in Europe field of silver .
Today it is a small town in the Central Bohemian region (20 thousand inhabitants) where to go for the tourists to see the remains of former might and landmarks that remained after the “silver fever”.
It was like this-the owner of the area discovered silver ore in these locations in the 10th century and began to use silver for minting coins. But the area was sparsely populated and forested. Then the owner of the land decided to invite the Cistercian monks, famous for its progressive methods of farming and that they founded in these lands, the monastery, and cleared the earth was founded a Cistercian monastery and it was the first monastery of this order in the Czech Republic. And in 1237 the monks opened the first mines began to produce silver in the vicinity of the monastery. For deviceserver here began to arrive people from all over the Czech and German miners. Thus was formed the city of Kuttenberg, or Czech Kutna Hora. In Kutna Hora was then extracted 40% of the entire European silver.
Thanks to its wealth of kutná Hora in the middle ages became the second largest and famous city in Bohemia after Prague. Under intensive construction: built new homes, administrative buildings, temples. Most of the population were miners. Because work in the mine at the time was very dangerous, the patroness of the city became Saint Barbara.
In 1403 it was papal bull, it was confirmed that the building in Kutna Hora Church of St. Barbara.
The Cathedral Of St. Barbara
But silver deposits were gradually depleted, the mines fall into disrepair and close. Prague last silver pennies minted at kutnohorska Mint in 1547, and in 1726 a Mint cutnarski the yard was completely closed.
Even the industrial revolution of the early 19th century had no significant impact on the development of Kutna Hora. There were only two enterprises: cotton factory and the national tobacco factory.
Kutna Hora today gives the impression of a little sleepy town with lots of medieval monuments of tourists. ))
But this kind of, as if frozen in time, a quiet provincial town is more advantage than disadvantage. Very cozy and nice city.
Well, what to see in Kutna Hora and for which there should go this:
Chateau žleby castle in the vicinity of the city;
Sedlec ossuary the Time or the so-called ossuary;
The Cathedral of St. Barbara (the second largest and significance of the Gothic Church in the Czech Republic and the most unusual Gothic structure of its kind in Central Europe)