Story of Persia
The birth of art in Iran goes back to ancient times, and the architecture is the most ancient of arts. The rise and development of architecture of ancient Iran shows that this country was one of the first centers of urban development and construction of dams, engineering in General. This is exemplified by the dilapidated, but preserved over the centuries its appeal of the building. From archaeological inscriptions can be concluded that art and craft have appeared on this earth somewhere in the 7th Millennium BC as the whole of Iran, in particular its villages, now serve as a living book of history of art and architecture.
For some time now in Tehran held a series of forums entitled “Protection of culture and civilization” of Iran, which examines the culture and art of Iran, as researchers and writers present their articles and research material in this regard. Recently held a forum entitled “Architecture of ancient Iran” . On it were studied such topics as historical masterpieces Iran: Pyramidal temples at Susa, Persepolis, the arch of khosrau, as well as the theme of “Iran – the origins of the architectural school of the world” . Speakers spoke about the amazing architectural features of these structures.
Excavations conducted recently in Iran,violated well-established among archaeologists belief that the bulk of primitive crafts arose among civilizations, based in the valley of Mesopotamia. However, most experts tend to believe that the first civilization has migrated into the valley of Mesopotamia from the East, or rather from the Iranian plateau. We can say that the Sumerians moved with him to the valley of the Euphrates and Tigris civilization that existed on the Iranian plateau, and because of the experience of ancient Iranians in the conquest of nature was founded in Mesopotamia a new civilization.
Shalabi in the book “the Akhbar Muluk al-Fars” (the State of the Iranian lands) leading circumstance, which is confirmed by the excavations and discoveries. He writes in particular: “the State in Iran was an ancient and most strong state on Earth, and many useful inventions that benefited a great service to all humanity, are ascribed to the ancient Iranians”. Including he attributed to the Iranians agriculture, livestock, construction of fortresses and cities, the establishment of the Institute of justice and written laws, the definition of the festive calendar, the fishing, the domestication of wild animals and musical instruments.
Architecture in Iran has a history of several millennia and preserved samples of Iranian architecture can be observed in the regions of Turkistan, India, China, the Caucasus, Syria and even Zanzibar, Southeast Africa.
The famous English orientalist Aubrey about the merits of Iranians in front of the history and culture of mankind writes:
“In my view, the most important of these merits is to improve the overall quality of life. In ancient times in Iran were created all conditions for prosperity of the society, for the normal relations between a man and a woman, and the earth itself served as a crossroads of trade caravan routes from around the world. Crafts, science, medicine, poetry, painting, music, all those things that give meaning to human life, were a gift of the ancient Iranians to humanity”.
Talking about the ancient architecture almost does not make sense without providing examples. One of the oldest buildings found on the Iranian plateau, is Zag-tape in the area of Kazvin, which dates back to the seventh – early sixth century BC, Among other amazing features of this building you could highlight the beautiful coloring, and scientists still have not figured out how and by what means it was decorated with this ancient building. To heat the building on cold days, they used the fireplace. Also here was a small pantry and a warehouse of tools, and there was a dining room. The walls are decorated with pictures of a mountain goat, and in all probability this building was used for religious ceremonies and public meetings.
Another historically important place in Iran is considered to be tape Sialk, which dates from the sixth – fifth centuries BC, First settled in the area people were not yet familiar with the art of construction of houses, they lived in wooden or made from leaves huts. But soon there began the construction of buildings of clay and raw bricks. Around the 4th century BC in this region there was a new town, buildings which were built entirely from bricks. These first bricks were made in oval shape, dried in the sun and then laid in the building. Almost all buildings of this period are painted in red, all the doors in the houses are low and narrow.
However, if we were talking about the oldest structures in Iran, not to mention pyramidal temple in Choghazanbil, built around 1300 BC on the banks of the river Karhu in the current province of Khuzistan, in southern Iran. The temple was built on the orders of the Elamite king Hunts Hubal on the ruins of a more ancient town. The building is rectangular in shape and contains 5 floors, each floor higher less lower. In longitudinal section the temple has the shape of a cone. The basic premise of the temple was on the bottom floor. The main construction material was enameled brick. Interestingly, artfully constructed West of the dome of the temple Chogazanbil well preserved after more than three millennia. A fortnight arches over the aisles and internal staircase speak of considerable mastery of the ancient Iranians in architecture and urban planning. Of course, the main object of wonderment and admiration of scientists was discovered in the building supply system of drinking water used by the clergy and the simple people of the area.
Ancient Iranian architecture is of course not limited to the mentioned buildings, it has such a majestic building like Persepolis and other masterpieces.