Megalithic constructions

Megaron. Medallion

Mezzanine (it. mezzanino – house)

The upper or superstructure over the Central part of a house. Often has a balcony. In the XIX century, became widespread in low-rise construction in Russia.

Megalithic constructions, megaliths (gr. megas – great, lithos – stone)

Archaeological monuments, built of blocks of wild or grubovato stone. Megaliths belong to the menhirs – the vertically dug stone pillars; CROMLECHS – stone alleys; DOLMENS – tombs, stone boxes, covered galleries. Megalithic constructions are widely spread in different countries of the world, in particular, in Siberia, in the Ukraine, in Crimea, in particular in the Caucasus, where there are all kinds of megalithic structures. Their purpose is not always able to pinpoint, most often they were associated with funerary cult. Meganite belong to different archaeological periods, from the Neolithic period and the bronze age to the iron age. The construction of the earliest of these monuments was for primitive technology difficult task. The weight of the covering plates reaches 40 tons, and separately standing stones up to 300 tons, Besides a number of appliances: bedding the ground, levers, rolls, etc. for their construction needs many people. Apparently, the megaliths was community building.

The Megaron concert hall (gr. megaron – a large house)

One of the types of dwellings of the age Aegean culture (III-II Millennium BC). Isone of elongated rectangular construction, consisting of three parts: a porch on the front side, usually enclosed laterally by walls (so-called ants), and the front pillars, small front room and the fireplace in the middle, over which the slab had a hole for smoke. The foundations were built of rough stone, the walls of mud brick. The Megaron was the prototype of the temples of Ancient Greece in the VIII-VII centuries BC

Medallion (FR. “large medal” from lat. metallum)

In architecture and the applied arts – embossing or ornamental motif, enclosed in an oval or a circle. Is used in the decoration of buildings, furniture, patterned fabrics and etc. In medal art round or oval plate with a relief image, usually a portrait, executed most often made of metal in the technique of casting or stamping.

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