Siege well Tik-Kuyu: Walk the dungeon
In 1998-2001 in an ancient fortress made a sensational discovery. Revealed an ancient hydraulic engineering system of underground facilities, or, in other words, siege well Chufut-Kale, which just could not be in the fortress of that rank.
However, the memory of it was preserved in the tales; they are true to brilliantly confirmed by recent discoveries.
Since the water in the fortress was imported – it was taken in the sources of Karai-Chokrak and the Gazi-Mansur. Also used the rain water and snow water. The water reserves in the form of snow and ice was stored in caves beneath the straw and felt.
During the siege, water was delivered from a secret system of waterworks. When the fortress lost its military significance, the information about it, who had hidden, was forgotten. But not all. Secret location underground structures were passed from generation to generation elected; over time, its guardians have become the elders and leaders of the people of the Karaites. Brief information was published by the Karaite gahs (spiritual leader) of S. Chapel in 1895, “the Karaites could stand a long siege due to the fact that Small gate near Kyrk-hyères there was an underground passage to the spring located at the foot of the rock.”
Later the same wrote M. Firkovich (1907): “Scale in the olden time there was a big pit, called the Tick-Kuyu, meaning well perpendicular. The well of water was at Calais, near Kichik-Capa (Small gate) with a small half-yard hole. He is now broken, well pelted with stones and called Sokur-tion, that is, “blind well”. Move to this well was in Calais on Burunge, where obliquely cut tunnel to the water. The opening of this tunnel on Burunge now hidden under a pile of rocks”.
The earliest mention of the well owned by the French traveller de La Matre, author of the book “a Journey in Europe and Asia”; Recalling him, Dubois de Monpierre writes: “. here (on Burunge) there was a natural well or a tank lined with hewn stone and filled with water, never issakova. The location of the well, which was, of course, capped by the Turks, is unknown today” (volume 6, p. 433).
When and by whom was created this system, remains to be seen, but there is no doubt that the information about it was “military” and “sacred” secret daveramsey a selected few; there is no doubt that the last keepers of this mystery were the Karaites. Therefore the information conveyed to our days, especially valuable and important.
Having published information and legends, as well as based on the data of geological exploration, a group of enthusiasts undertook the search. The attention of researchers was attracted by a slight deepening to the West Small gate: intuition did not fail – on the second day of work in August 1998 was opened the mouth of the well. Initially worked here members of the Crimean Karaite community, as well as representatives of other nationalities, mainly on weekends. However, by 2001 it became clear that their forces are not enough – they had discovered the enormity of the underground hydraulic system of the scale surpassed anything hitherto known in Crimea. The task involved the Association of Crimean Karaites, Institute of mineral resources and the Centre of speleotourism “Onix-tour” led by A. F. Kozlov, previously made the excellent equipment of karst caves Marble and Emine-Bair-Khosar in the Chatyrdag. They made a huge amount of work, which is revealed and accessible to tourist’s review the following set.
150 meters West of the Small gate and 35 metres South of the wall Pencere-ISAR (Wall with window) cleared a vertical well with a diameter of 1.8 to 2.2 meters for 27 meters; at a depth of 25 meters adjacent underground gallery of square section 2 x 2 meters, which gently rises to a height of 30 meters. Almost all cut stairs. Near the pair the gallery with well branches move a little and to clear yet. Below the gallery (at a depth of 27 meters) the well extends almost up to 5 metres due to the sloping descent carved out of the rock a kind of spiral staircases going from the portal gallery at the bottom of the well. This, of course, the Tick-Kuyu – Straight or perpendicular to the well Karaite traditions.
But back to the gallery. On the arch there are small stalactites, which in itself testifies to its antiquity; there are also later inscriptions (often soot) Karaite italic, cursive square Aramaic, and rarely in Latin. The output of the gallery to the surface there was a tower, built of large stones. It is suggested that this system served not only hidden access to the water. If necessary, it could hide a multitude of people. In this case, you get a real sense of the folklore of Crimean Karaites stories about the vanishing army and the Prince with a squad of horsemen, who had the ability to appear simultaneously and on the walls of the fortress, and behind enemy lines. It is not excluded, and religious significance of the underground structures at the bottom of the well Tik-Kuyu. This could serve as an additional explanation of the aura of mystery surrounding Asyryn Jol (Secret path).
Above the underground facilities, currently fitted and available for inspection, are only a part of the system; a search for the continuation of the already open and other underground passages.