18 engravings depicting views, section views, and architectural details of one of the most famous Gothic cathedrals, the Cathedral of Cologne, Germany. Also on the engraving depicts the stained glass Windows of the Cathedral and on the two engravings depict other cathedrals in comparison with Cologne Cathedral. The author of the engravings of the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, who together with architect Ernst Friedrich Zwirner supervised the completion of the Cathedral in 1841 (see historical background below). Today the Cathedral is the landmark of Cologne and is a UNESCO world heritage site
Historical background: the Construction of the Cathedral was begun in 1248, when the Archbishop of Cologne Konrad von Hochstaden laid the first Foundation stone of the Cologne Cathedral. The Cathedral was to emphasize the power of Cologne – one of the richest and most powerful cities of the German Empire at that time. Also the Cathedral of Cologne was built to store cancers the Three kings. The sacred remains of the Magi, or Three kings,received the Archbishop Rainald von Dassel from Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, who seized them in a Milan monastery. In 1164, Rainald von Dassel brought the remains to Cologne. For them within ten years was made the sarcophagus (cancer) of silver, gold and precious stones. Cancer Three kings was one of the precious relics of Christianity. High grade, of which Cologne was reached in Western European Christian world thanks to the acquisition of these relics, also had to incarnate in the respective Cathedral.
But the construction of the Cathedral was delayed initially, then stopped. To 1300 and between the choir, completed the wall, and the South tower was located temporarily covered the nave with a length of 70 meters. Two towers were partly built just South, 59 meters (would need to be 157 meters). Work on the South tower were completed around 1450, and then the whole building was stopped. The engraving on the left shows the state of the Cathedral for the beginning CH.
In 1842, after thorough preparatory work carried out by architects Carl Friedrich Schinkel and Ernst Friedrich Zwirner, king of Prussia, Frederick William IV ordered to complete the Cologne Cathedral according to its original plan and on September 4 of 1842 himself laid the first stone. In 1862 set trusses on the longitudinal and transverse naves, in 1863, construction began on the towers with a height of 157 meters. On 15 October 1880 in the presence of the German Emperor Wilhelm I held a celebration to mark the completion of construction.
Construction continued after 1880. Put glass in the Windows, put the floors and carried out internal decoration of the Cathedral. In 1906, one of 24 large decorative towers with towers of the main facade collapsed, and broke some other decorative towers. After 1945 work began to repair damage caused by bombing during the Second world war
The restoration of the Cathedral continues today. The Cathedral is a UNESCO world heritage site.